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The Digital Healthcare

According to the World Health Organization, e-health or Digital Health care represents the transfer of health and health care related resources by electronic means. Digital healthcare is an upcoming discipline that involves the use of information and communication technologies to help address the health problems and challenges faced by patients. These technologies include both hardware and software solutions and services.

It encompasses three main areas:

  • The delivery of health related information to both professionals and consumers, throughout Internet and telecommunications.
  • The improvement of public health services through the use of e-commerce, e.g. e-learning and training of health professionals.
  • The use of e-commerce and e-business practices in health systems management.

E-health services and tools are generally web-enabled and are built for standard use on personal computers or laptops and, increasingly, for mobile devices. E-health enables the innovative use of health resources - such as information, money or medicines – with an estimated increase of its efficiency. The Internet also facilitates the dissemination of information, the interaction and collaboration among institutions, health professionals, providers and consumers.

Telehealth is the delivery of health-related services and information via telecommunications technologies. It is broader in definition than telemedicine, including computer-assisted telecommunications to support the management, surveillance, literature and access to medical knowledge and it encompasses preventive, promotional and curative aspects.